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Автор ??????????? ?.?.   
26.03.2019 г.

 

??????? ?????????. 2018. ? 12. ?. ??

 

??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????

?.?. ???????????

? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????. ??? ???? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????. ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????????-?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????, ????? ??????????? ??????? ?????, ??????? «??????????? ?????????????». ? ?????? ?????????????? ????? ? ???, ??? ??????? «??????? ????????» ????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????, ?????? ?????, ??????? ????????????, ???????, (????????) ???????, ?????? ? ?????????. ? ?????? «????? ??? ????????? ? ?????????» ????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????, ???????? ?? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????, ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????????????? ????? ???????. ??? ????? ??, ???????????? ???????????-?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ?????, ????????? ????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??????-?????????????? ???????, ?????????????? ? ??? ?????. ???, ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ??? ??????????, ?? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????? ? ??????????????-????????????????? ??????????, ????????? ??????????? ???? ????????-???????? ????????. ????? ??????????, ??? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ? ?? ?., ??? ????????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????.

 

???????? ?????: ??????? ????????, ???????, ?????????? ?????????, ?. ?????.

 

??????????? ????????? ??????? – ?????? ??????????? ????, ??????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???, ?????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ??. ?.?. ??????????, ??????.

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?????? ????????? ? ???????? 13 ???? 2018 ?.

???????????: ??????????? ?.?. ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? // ??????? ?????????. 2018. ? 12. ?. ?–?

 

?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????, ?????? ? 17-03-00733-??? «????????-??????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????», ?????? ? 18-011-01097 «?????????? ?????? ? ??????: ??????????? ?????????? ???????????». 

??? ??? ????? ? ?????????? ?????? «????? ??? ????????? ? ?????????» ???? ????? ????????????? «???????» ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ??? ?????????. ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ? ?????? (??????, ?? ???????????? ?? ??????? ????) ????? ??????. ? ?? ?????? ????? ??, ??? ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? «?????????? ??????????», ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????, ??????????? ???????????????? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????????????. ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ?????? «????????????» – ? ???? ??????? «?????????? ???????», ????? ????????????????? ??????? ???????? «??? ?????????», ?? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ????. ?? ?????????????, ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? «???? ? ????????? ?????», ?? ??? «???? ? ????????? ?????????», ?? ??? «???? ? ????????? ????», ?? ??? «???? ? ????????? ???????» ? ?.?. ???????, ?????????????? ? ??????? ?????????, ?????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?? ??? «????????» ?????????? ????????????. ?, ????????, ???????? ?????, ????? ??? ??????? ? ????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?????-?? ?????? – ????????????? – ??????????. ???? ???? ? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ??????? (?, ????, ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????) ?????????? ????????????, ???? ??? ??????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????, ??????????????? ??????????? ????, ??????????? ????????????????, ?? ??? ?? ? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ???????

? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??, ??? ??? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? – ?????? ??????????? – ??????? ???????? (???, ???????, ???????, ???????) ???????? ???????? «??????????». ? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????. ??? ???????, ?????????? ??????, ???????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????????. ????????? ????? «?????????? ??????????» (????, ???????, ??????? ? ???????), ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????, ?.?. ??????????, ? ?? ??????????? ??? ?????????. ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ????, ? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????????, ? ??????, ????? ??????????? ? ????? ???? ? ? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? – ????????? ? ????. ???????????, ?????????? ??????/???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ????????????, ? ???????????? – ? ????? ?????????? Lehrer/Fuehrer – ?????????? ???????????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???, ??? ??????????? ??? ????????.

? ????? ?? ????? ???????, ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????e ? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????. ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????/???????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ????????-??????????????? ??????? ?. ?????? (??.: [????? 2017; ??????????? 2017; ???????????, ????? 2017]), ???????, ??? ????????, ???????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? (?.?. ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ??????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???????? – ?????????????, ????????????, ??????? ? ?.?.). ????, ?? ??? ??????, ? ? ?????? ???????????? ??????, ? ? ?????? ???????????? ???????? (???????? ?? ??? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ??????????) ???????????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ????? ???????????. ? ???? ?????? «??????» ???????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ?? ? (????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????) ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????????, ???????????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???, ??? ??????????? ?????????? ????????.

????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????, ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?? «???????????? ???????????» [Weber 2002, 475]. ? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? «???????????» ?????????????????? ?????, ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???, ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????, ?? ??? ??????, ???????? ?????????? ?????????????. ? ??????????, ?? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ??? ??????????????????? ???????????, ???????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????. ?? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????, ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ????????.

? ?????, ? ??????? ?? ?????????, ????? ????? ????????, ???????, ??????, ???????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????. ??????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ?????? ???????, ? ??? ??????, ??? ??? ????? ?????????. ? ? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????. ?? ?????? ???????, ???????? ?????, ???????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ???? ??? ????? ????????. ????? ???????, ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????. ??? ??? ?? ? ????????????, ? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????. ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ????, ?????? ??? ?????, ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? (? ?????????? ?????????) – ??? ??? ???????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?? ????????? ?????????. ?????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????, ?? ?????? ??????, ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????? (???? ? ????????? ????, ? ????????? ????? ? ?.?.). ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? «????????????????» ? ?????? ???????????, ? ?????? ? ??? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????.

????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????, ?.?. ????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????, ??? ?????????? ????? ? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????. ??????????, ??? ? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???, ????? ???????, ?????????? ??? ???????????. ??? ??????????? ??????????????, ?? ??????, ??? ?????? «???????», ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????: ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????????. ???????, ??????? ??????, ??????????? ????????? «? ?????????? ?????», ?? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?????????, ?? ????????????.

?????? ??? ????????? «???????», ????????, ?????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????: «…????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????». ?????, ?? ?????? ????? ???????? «???????????????? ????????» ??????????? ???? ????????? ?????????????? ????????????, ?? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????. ?? ? ??????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ????????????????? ?????????? «?????? ????????? ???????, ? ???????? ? ???????????? ????????» ? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ????????? «???????????» ?????? ?????????. ???? ????????????? ???????? ????????, ????????? ? ???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????, ? «???????????????? ???? ????????» ??????? ??? «???????????????? ???????????????», ??????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????. ?????????? ??? ???????????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????????? ?? – ???????????????????? – ????????, ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????. «????????, ??? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? ????… ???? ?? ????????????? ????. ???? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ? ??????????????????? ???? ??? ????? – “??????????????-?????????????????” ???????????» [Weber 2002, 477], ?? ????? ??????????? «?????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????????» (????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?. ??????). ??????? ?????? ? ???? ??? ????? ??????????????? ???????, ? ??????????? «???????? ????????????» (??????? ?????, ???????, ??????????, ???????) ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????. ?? ?????? ??, ???????? ????????? ? ?? ????, ????????? ???????????? ???? ??????????? ???????-???????, ?? ????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????.

 

????????? – Primary Sources in German

Weber, Max (2002) Schriften 1894–1922, Kröner, Stuttgart.

 

?????? – References in Russian

??????????? 2017 – ??????????? ?.?. ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????. ? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?. ?????? «???????? ?????» // ????????????? ? ????????? ?????. 2017. ?. 52. ? 2. ?. 201–214.

???????????, ????? 2017 – ??????????? ?.?., ????? ?.?. «??????» ? «??????» ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? // ?????????? ????????????? ??????: ????????????? ? ?????????? ????????. 2017. ? 5 (141). ?. 120–134.

????? 2017 – ????? ?. ???????? ????? // ????????????? & ????????? ?????. 2017. ? 2. ?. 215–233.

 

Voprosy Filosofii. 2018. Vol. 12. P. ?–?

Scientific Knowledge as a Concept of the Social Philosophy[1]

Alexander Yu. Antonovskiy

This article explores the communicative and social conditions for the functioning of modern science. The perspective, in this case, is determined in the context of the ideas of “understanding sociology”. The author of the article uses the analysis of the ideal-typical conditions of modern science that were denoted by M. Weber in order to develop the concept of the “invariant to modernity” of science. The author also substantiates that the concept of the “scientific knowledge” binds other fundamental concepts of social philosophy into a single conceptual node – first of all the concept of sociality, time, (scientific) object, truth, and values. In “Science as a Vocation” Weber proposed such a concept of modern science, that was based on a specific temporal logic of human life, as it was formulated by Lev Tolstoy. Thereby, characterizing the regional and cultural specifics of present science, he complements the general multicultural perspective of scientific and educational practices emerging in his epoch. In this context, American science is presented as an unpleasant, but an inevitable prospect of the university's transformation into the state-capitalist corporation, capable to produce just temporarily significant products. The author shows how the trends of science development noticed by Weber were realized in different countries in the 20th century, which allows us to speak about the relevance of Weber's concept for a modern social philosophy.

KEY WORDS: scientific knowledge, concept, social philosophy, M. Weber

ANTONOVSKIY Alexander Yu. – DSc in Philosophy, Leading Researcher, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Docent of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Philosophy.

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Received at June 13, 2018.

Citation: Antonovskiy, Alexander Yu. (2018) ‘Scientific Knowledge as a Concept of the Social Philosophy’, Voprosy Filosofii, Vol. 12 (2018), pp. ?–?

 

References

Antonovskiy Alexander (2017) ‘Evolutionary approach to the development of science’, Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, 52, 2, pp. 201–214 (In Russian).

Antonovskiy Alexander, Barash Raisa (2017). ‘Truth and authority as categories of social philosophy’, Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes, 5, pp. 120–134 (In Russian).

Luhmann, Niklas (1993) Wissenschaft der Gesellschaft, Suhkamp, Frankfurt am Main, pp. 549–616 (Russian translation 2017).



[1] This paper is prepared with the support of Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project ? 17-03-00733-???Systems theoretical approach towards the Russian society” and project ? 18-011-01097 “Social theory and Power – Russian Peculiarities”.

 
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